Rope Selection Guide
Jimmy Green Marine offer a comprehensive range of braided lines suitable for use as a halyard, sheet or control line but which one will suit you?
The length can easily be specified by measuring an existing halyard or sheet and can even be guessed fairly accurately from schematics if you are familiar with your deck layout.
The difficulty arises when considering the material to be used, the construction and the diameter of the rope.
These factors have a significant influence on the overall cost and performance of your line. This guide aims to help you choose the right line at the right price.
There are many more fibres available for the truly discerning sailor, however this article sets out the 5 most common ones found in our product range.
Listed in order from most expensive to most economical they are: Vectran, Dyneema, Technora, Polyester and Polypropylene.
- Vectran is the strongest and most expensive fibre and has very low elongation over time (creep). It is commonly impregnated with a UV stabiliser.
- Dyneema is very nearly equal to Vectran in terms of strength and stretch and is also usually impregnated with a UV protective coating.
The price advantage over Vectran makes this a popular choice with rope manufacturers at the upper end of the market.
- Technora has very high abrasion and UV resistance and is commonly blended into the cover/jacket of a braid on braid line.
- Polyester is the most common fibre with excellent UV resistance, good breaking strains and low stretch characteristics. It is available in a bright monofilament fibre and a softer, matt finish, spun yarn.
Bright polyester fibres are low stretch e.g. braid on braid bright white polyester.
The softer feel, spun yarn has less strength and is slightly stretchier. Spun yarn is typically used for the cover/jacket on e.g. matt plait polyester and TopGrip.
- Polypropylene is the lightest (doesn't absorb water) and cheapest fibre. However it is stretchy and susceptible to UV.
Rope manufacturers have traditionally used different fibres for the core and the cover in order to make the most of their relative advantages but can now produce even better ropes by blending different fibres together in either the core or the jacket.
The majority of lines are comprised of a braided core and a braided jacket.
The most common cruising lines are 100% polyester (cost effective).
The weight of fibre in these lines is usually balanced equally between the cover and the core and can be spliced using the double braid splice.
Marlowbraid is the exception as it has a 3-strand core which slightly reduces stretch for a very modest increase in price. The downside of this construction is that it tends to flatten around sheaves and winches.
N.B. braided lines with a polypropylene core may make a saving but will be reflected in a marked lack of performance particularly with regard to a reduction in strength and extra stretch where it is not desirable.
The construction of the cover also has a bearing on abrasion resistance. Generally the covers with a tighter weave or 'more plaits' e.g. 8, 16, 24, 32 plait offer a sliding scale of improved wear resistance.
Stronger fibres such as Dyneema or Vectran are required to significantly increase the strength of a line and reduce it's stretch. Typically, these fibres are used in the core which is therefore much stronger than the cover.
These lines then have to be spliced using the core dependent method which in turn means the weight of fibre in the cover can be reduced.
Therefore the cost is directly related to the strength and stretch which in turn is governed by the amount of dyneema/vectran content in the finished rope.
It therefore follows that the the strongest line for a given diameter does not have a cover and is 100% 'core'. However, Halyards and sheets still rely on the cover for grip and abrasion resistance in clutches and on winches. The solution is to strip the cover from the core shortly after the winch or clutch. This can only be done with core dependent ropes.
All the fibres mentioned can be blended to produce covers with different properties. Racers may use a polypropylene/dyneema blend for lightweight sheets or a technora/polyester blend for sheets that get through a lot of work. Cruisers are less likely to have requirements specific to certain conditions, so a standard polyester cover heavy enough to give good longevity is usually the best bet.
So how does this help?
The full range of lines supplied by Jimmy Green Marine can cater for both the cruisers and the racers.
So we have arranged the lines on a sliding scale to help you decide where to aim.
Whether you're a cruiser looking to strengthen up your lines for a more adventurous outing or a racer looking for a better price point Jimmy Green has a line for you.
|Rope Name||Cover||Mid Layer||Core||Stretch*|
|LIROS Matt Plait||16-20 plait spun polyester||N/A||8 strand polyester||6%|
|LIROS Braid on braid||16-20 plait polyester||N/A||12 strand polyester||5%|
|LIROS Top Grip||1:1 polyester with spun polyester grip fibres||N/A||8 strand polyester||5%|
|Marlowbraid||1:1 polyester||N/A||3 strand polyester||4%|
|LIROS Herkules||1:1 polyester||N/A||8 strand polyester||5%|
|Marlow D2 Club||16 plait polyester||N/A||12 strand SK38 Dyneema||3%|
|LIROS Dynamic Plus||24-32 plait high twist polyester||12 plait polyester||12 strand SK78 Dyneema||2%|
|Marlow D2 Racing||24 plait polyester||N/A||12 strand SK78 Dyneema||1.5%|
|LIROS Racer||24-32 plait high twist polyester||Minimal 12 plait polyester||12 strand SK78 Dyneema||1.5%|
|LIROS Regatta 2000||24-32 plait high abrasion-resistant polyester||Minimal 12 plait polyester||12 strand SK78 Dyneema||1.5%|
|Marlow GP78||20 plait polyester/Technora blend||N/A||12 strand SK78 Dyneema||1.5%|
|LIROS Control XTR||24-32 plait polyester Technora blend||N/A||12 strand SK99 Dyneema||< 1%|
* Stretch at the safe working load of the line, given as 25% of the breaking strain